Unit 1: Course Intro and Poetry Boot Camp

Resources:

Unit 1: Course Introduction and Critical Close Reading Skills

Lesson 1: Objectives: Students will be able to use elements of style and structure to analyze a poem closely.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.1
Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.2
Determine two or more themes or central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to produce a complex account; provide an objective summary of the text.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.4
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings or language that is particularly fresh, engaging, or beautiful
Do Now: Based on your reading of the poem , name three strategies did you used to help you understand the poem. Pair-Share.
Mini Lesson:
Teacher models a close reading of “The Red Wheelbarrow” poem by using the mnemonic.
Strategy 1: stylistic choices
Strategy 2:pattern if repetition and anomalies
Strategy 3: TPCASTT
Strategy 1: What do elements of style include? How does a writer’s stylistic choice convey the work’s message or meaning?
  • How do elements of style and structure impact the meaning of poetry?
  • What do you know  about the following elements? Turn and talk to a partner and share the information you have. Pairs share in class.

-rhyme
-meter
-forms

Activity 1- Introduing new concepts

Forms-ode, sonnet, elegy , ode, villanelle, terza rima, blank verse, free verse

Poetic syntax- enjambment- run on line-when one line ends without a oause and must continue into the next line to complete it meaning; caesura( a pause within a line sometimes punctuated ). Questions to ask- are the poem’s line long or short? Do the poem’s lines create a visual pattern or create a special meaning?

Sound: alliteration, assonance, cadence( rise and fall of voice)

Activity 2

Close-read “The Red Wheelbarrow” by William Carlos Williams

Questions to consider asking while reading-

  1. How can form and sound not only reinforce an image but can actually create meaning?i
  2. In what form is the poem written?
  3. What does the use of enjambment suggest?
  4. Why does he give the preposition “upon” its own line?
  5. Why is the word “wheelbarrow”  broken into two lines?
  6. What meaning does he image created by the 2nd stanza suggest?
  7. Is there an example of assonance? What does the sound suggest?
  8. Is there an example of alliteration? What effect does the sound create?
  9. What sense does the poem create when the poet begins his poem with “much” and ends with “chicken”?
  10. How do the sounds created in the poem connect to the meaning of the poem?
  11. If the poem does not follow a traditional form, what sort of logic structures the poem? Why are the stanzas broken as they are? What is the relationship among stanzas?
Step 2: Find pattern of repetition or contrast or anomalies
Step 3: Use TPCASTT to piece your analysis together.
Guided Practice: 

We Real Cool

Gwendolyn Brooks1917 – 2000

                   THE POOL PLAYERS. 
                   SEVEN AT THE GOLDEN SHOVEL.
We real cool. We
Left school. We

Lurk late. We
Strike straight. We

Sing sin. We
Thin gin. We

Jazz June. We
Die soon.
Independent Practice:
Read a poem “ Delight in Disorder” by Robert Herrick. How does the poet use specific techniques to convey his attitude toward the subject he describes, with special attention to the use of personification, oxymoron, diction and structure( hint: parallel structure).
Work in a group of three and present your close reading of the poem on a chart paper.( formative Assessment)
Homework: Complete a first draft of the analysis of Herrick’s poem.
Use the resources below: 
Diction:
  • Which of the important words( verbs, nouns, adj. adverbs) in the poem or passage are general and abstract, which are specific or general?
  • Are the key words formal , informal, colloquial, or slang?
  • Are there words with strong connotations, words we might refer to as ” loaded”?

Figures of Language

  • Are there any example of  metaphor, simile or personification? How do they extend the meaning?

Syntax

  • What’s the order of the words in the sentence? Are they in a subject-verb form or inverted?
  • What’s more prevalent in he passage? Verbs or nouns?
  • What are the sentences like? Do the meaning build periodically or cumulatively?
  • How do the sentence connect their words, phrases and clauses?
  • How is he passage organized? Is it chronological? Doe it move from concrete to abstract or visa visa?

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Lesson 2

Objectives: Students will be able to analyze how the poet
conveys the relationship between the tree and the family through the use of poetic techniques.

Do Now: Discuss how Brook reveals a tone of resistance or protest in her poem ” The Pool Players”.

Differentiation: Students are grouped accordingly; graphic organizers and mnemonic are provided to help students construct and organize ideas.

Multiple options are given to students to read deeply the poem.

Mini Lesson:

Steps to respond to an essay prompt:

  1. Deconstructing the Prompt
  2. The first step to a successful literary analysis is the deconstruction of the prompt to discover the
    writing task. In the prompt below, highlight, circle, or underline the elements of the prompt that
    direct your essay.
  3. Analyzing the Prompt
    Answer the following questions in the space provided.
    -The prompt actually hints at the theme or “big picture idea” of the poem. What does it suggest this important idea might be, at least in part? ___________________________________
    -What concrete poetic technique is explicitly mentioned? ___
    -What other poetic techniques are possibilities for an essay of analysis? What other poetic techniques have you written about before?
    -Who is the poet? How will you refer to the poet in your essay?
  4. Interacting with the poem
    Read the poem through the first time without taking notes or marking anything. Try to “see” in your own mind the scene being described and the movement from the beginning to the end of the poem. Don’t forget to start with the title “The Black Walnut Tree.”

Guided Practice ( see handout pages 3-4)

4. Finding Textual Support( page 4)

5.  Identifying Poetic Techniques( page 5)

Independent Practice

Use the notes to write an essay.

Homework: Complete the essay.

Lesson 3:  Evaluating and revising the essay

Objectives: Students will be able to revise their essays by critiquing a sample essay and examining the essay rubric

Do Now: What’s your biggest struggle to compose the essay? Pair share. Share the challenges with the class.

Mini Lesson

Reviewing a High Scoring Essay

With pen in hand, annotate the student essay on the next page. Mark phrases and sentences that  are particularly effective in analyzing the complex relationship between the speaker’s family and the tree. In the margins, identify ways in which the writer explains how a poetic technique is connected to the meaning of the poem. Discuss your findings with a partner or with your class.
After reviewing the essay and the scoring guide which follows it, assign a score of 1 – 9 to this essay. Be ready to explain your score.
Think about how this essay compares to the essay you wrote for the mock exam. What are some things you can do to improve the writing you do over poetry? ( see pages 6-8 in the provided handout)

Guided Practice

Use the provided rubric for the essay, give reasons why the essay is given a high score.( page 9)

Independent Practice

Revise your essay based on your new understanding of the essay requirements and rubric.

Homework: Revise the essay. Due Thursday.

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Lesson 4 Peer Review poetry analysis essay

Objectives: Students will be able to peer-review each other’s poetry analysis essay by using the AP essay rubric provided.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.11-12.2.B
Develop the topic thoroughly by selecting the most significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples appropriate to the audience’s knowledge of the topic.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.11-12.2.C
Use appropriate and varied transitions and syntax to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among complex ideas and concepts.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.11-12.2.D
Use precise language, domain-specific vocabulary, and techniques such as metaphor, simile, and analogy to manage the complexity of the topic.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.11-12.2
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.11-12.3.A
Vary syntax for effect, consulting references

Do Now: What’s the most important thing that you want your peer to do or not to do when providing a peer-review?

Pair share.

Mini Lesson:

  1. How do we peer review?
  2. Dos and Don’ts
  3. Commendations and Recommendations
  4. Follow the language in the rubric
  5. Be specific

Thesis Workshop

NMSI PAGES 9-14

Guided PRACTICE

Conferencing

Independent Practice

Students work on revising their essays and hand it in by the end of the period.

Homework: Read Metamorphosis.

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Lesson 5 Becoming Familiar with Reading and Writing Strategies

Objectives: Students will be able to present the best way to understand and apply various reading and writing strategies by making a poster in a small group.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.11-12.5
Make strategic use of digital media (e.g., textual, graphical, audio, visual, and interactive elements) in presentations to enhance understanding of findings, reasoning, and evidence and to add interest.

Do now: Watch a video of THE STRATEGIES-

Student Independent Practice

In small groups, students discuss each strategy and its application in reading and writing practices. Create a poster that helps their peers to understand the strategy. Be as artistic as you can.

Exit Slip: Complete the visual presentation and post them on the classroom bulletin board.

Homework: Complete the 2nd draft of the Black Walnut Tree analysis essay.

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Lesson 6

Objectives: Students will be able to gain strategies for close reading.

Do Now:

  1. Review the course goals and exam format.
  2. Emulate the sentence structure and make your own sentence. “Begin with the subject”.

Ships at a distance have everyone’s wish on board. by Z. N Hurston

Mini Lesson: Close reading-Compare and Contrast Emily Dickenson’s poem with Robert Frost’s. Discuss the speakers’ differing views of experiences with darkness and night and how they are conveyed by poets’ techniques.

How to we read poetry?

  1. Use annotative techniques that area specific to poetry
  2. Use SIFT ANNOTATIVE TECHNIQUE
  3. Identify pattern ( REPETITION, IMAGERY, FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE), shift and tone.

Independent Practice:  In a small group, discuss the assigned poem in response to the given prompt. Your annotation of the poem needs to be relevant to the prompt.

Present your findings.

Homework: Complete the packet of the Poetry analysis of “Emily Dickenson’s poem with Robert Frost’s.

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Lesson 7:

Objectives: Students will be able to analyze how the author expresses different views toward darkness through examining the detail, imagery and tone.

Resource: Reading Poetry

(about sonnet page 15-30)

Do Now: Use the sentence structure variation resource to help you compose a few sentences about reading experiences of sonnets or poetry in general.

“A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentence for the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary parts”- by William Strunk.

Agenda

Mini Lesson-

How to analyze poetry?(

Reading Poetry(about sonnet page 15-30)

  • Notice & Focus
  • Identify the pattern and anomaly
  • Where is the shift? Why?
  • What’s the tone (diction, imagery, allusion, figurative language)

Independent Practice:

select a sonnet and make a poster showing your textual evidence, analysis and claims on the poem assigned.

Use the markers to label the example. Bring out the deeper meaning. Make a thesis statement that implies a shift in tone or meaning.

Present.

Homework: 1)Make a thesis statement based on both poems. 2) Work on a paragraph or two analyzing how the speaker of the poem describe and reveal her/his experience with darkness and night.

Lesson 8: Constructing a well-developed paragraph

Objectives: Students will be able to write a meaning-driven literary analysis in a workshop setting.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.1

Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.2
Determine two or more themes or central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.11-12.2.C
Use appropriate and varied transitions and syntax to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among complex ideas and concepts
Differentiation:

Content: Students are provided with a laptop to help them with unfamiliar vocabulary.

Process: Instructions are scaffolded ( guided comprehension questions & graphic organizer) for students to follow. Handouts and other lesson tools are provided for students to respond to the text. Students are grouped according it their individual abilities, which are designed to enhance their learning.

Products: Choices are provided to help students complete the lesson task based on their individual abilities.

 Do Now: Examine the two cartoons. How are they similar and different? Write-Pair- share. Syntax exercise: Using the sentence variation resources.

 

Mini Lesson:

Compare and Contrast Emily Dickenson’s poem with Robert Frost’s. Discuss the speakers’ differing views of experiences with darkness and night and how they are conveyed by poets’ techniques.

Step 1: Complete the Venn Diagram

2.Analysis Workshop

  1. Examine the prompt carefully-in a well written essay, discuss the speakers‘ differing views of their experiences with darkness and night and explain how they are conveyed by the poet’s techniques. Consider such elements as structure, point of view, imagery and tone.
  2. What does the prompt ask you to do? What is the key abstract concept? What does it look life in real life? What are some of the synonyms can you use to illustrate the concept?
  3. What question(s) are embedded in the prompt? Form at least two questions based on the prompt.
  4. Answer the question(s). Doe your answer imply a shift( tension)? For example- By describing the speaker who is ” acquainted” with the night and yet avoids the light and watchman, the poet depicts him/her as someone who seems to fear the night and yet find comfort in it, suggesting the speaker may suffer from depression and desires to remain distant from people and their world.
  5. Chunk the poem: How does the poet portray the speaker and his/her experiences with the night/darkness in the first half of the poem? then 2nd half of the poem? The ” how” question requires you to use terms such as imagery, point of view, structure and tone.
  6. Use the literary terms organically.
  7. USE 2-3 examples of imagery to suggest a pattern- the speaker is afraid of the night but he frequents it often.
  8. Use 2-3 examples to demonstrator a reflective first person point of view to reveal his loneliness and how much he avoids the city and people.
  9. For structure analysis, point out how in the beginning of the poem, the first three stanzas depict the speaker’s fear and how the last two stanzas indicate a shift of tone because he seems to find solace in it.
  10. So what: bring our the deeper meaning and connect to a larger issue- the poet seems to use the speaker’s experiences with the night to bring attention to those  who suffer from depression and hopelessness and yet retrieve deeper into the loneliness instead of seeking help. The world is a scary place for them and they are the only ones in it.

3. Independent Practice:

Use the workshop notes to revise your paragraphs on one of the poems.

Homework: Finish the revision and write a first draft of the essay in which you compare and contrast speakers‘ differing views of their experiences with darkness and night and explain how they are conveyed by the poet’s techniques. Consider such elements as structure, point of view, imagery and tone.

Suggestions: One body paragraph  analyzes the connections between the two poems. One body paragraph describes the differences.

Or one paragraph analyzing one poem and the other the 2nd poem.

Lesson 9 Peer Review

Objectives: Students will be able to peer-edit each other’s essay using the provided AP 9-point rubric in pairs.

Do now: Syntax exercise

Mini Lesson: Review the 9-point AP Lit rubric.

Independent Practice

In pairs, peer review essay and write comments based on rubric-

  1. Strengths of the essay:
  2. Areas that need improvement : syntax variation, diction, thesis( shift), structure, citation, examples, analysis, so what, making connections, etc.

Reflect: What have I learned from this process?

Homework: Revise the essay and turn it in tomorrow.

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Lesson 10

Objectives: Students will analyze how sonnet as a fixed poetic form contributes to the deeper or overall meaning of the text through collaborative group discussion, gallery walk and four corners activities .

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.5
Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure specific parts of a text  contribute to its overall structure and meaning as well as its aesthetic impact.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.11-12.9
Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.11-12.1.D
Respond thoughtfully to diverse perspectives; synthesize comments, claims, and evidence made on all sides of an issue;

Differentiation:
Content: Students are provided with a laptop to help them with unfamiliar vocabulary.

Process: Instructions are scaffolded ( guided comprehension questions & graphic organizer) for students to follow. Handouts and other lesson tools are provided for students to respond to the text. Students are grouped according it their individual abilities, which are designed to enhance their learning.

Products: Choices are provided to help students complete the lesson task based on their individual abilities.

Do Now: Read the poem “The World is Too Much with Us” and point out one characteristics that stands out the most to you. Pair-Share .

Material: Poetry(about sonnet page 15-30)

Mini Lesson 

  • Romantic era and lyrical ballads
  • Thinking out aloud/Practice using Reciprocal Discussion questions
  • Free writing

Close reading steps:

  • Notice & Focus
  • Identify the pattern and anomaly
  • Where is the shift? Why?
  • What’s the tone (diction, imagery, allusion, figurative language)

What characterizes a sonnet? Italian sonnet?

Discussion Questions: 

Do you think the world is too much with us ( page 17)?

Guided Practice

Read add discuss ” Holy Sonnet” by John Donne ( page 19).

Look up the meaning /definitions of the terms (page 20) before you answer the questions.

Discuss questions.

Homework:  Create a small poster of an assigned term. and bring it in and display it on the wall.

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Lesson 11 Sonnet ( Double Periods 86 minutes)

Objectives: Students will be able to analyze how sonnet as a fixed poetic form contributes to the overall meaning of the text through collaborative group discussions and gallery walk.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.5
Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure specific parts of a text  contribute to its overall structure and meaning as well as its aesthetic impact.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.4
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.11-12.9
Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.11-12.1.D
Respond thoughtfully to diverse perspectives; synthesize comments, claims, and evidence made on all sides of an issue;

Differentiation:
Content: Students are provided with a laptop to help them with unfamiliar vocabulary or concept s well as today’s lesson plan.

Process: Instructions are scaffolded ( guided comprehension questions & graphic organizer) for students to follow. Handouts and other lesson tools are provided for students to respond to the text. Students are grouped according it their individual abilities, which are designed to enhance their learning.

Products: Choices are provided to help students complete the lesson task based on their individual abilities.

Resources:

Materials:

Agenda

  • Do Now ( 10 minutes)
  • Mini Lesson and Guided Practice ( 15 minutes)
  • Student Independent Practice (part 1 20 minutes)
  • Student Independent Practice ( part 2 20 minutes)
  • Gallery Walk ( 10 minutes)
  • Exist Slip ( 7-9 minutes)

Do Now: ( 10 minutes)

Look at

Pay particular attentions to the form of each photo. Select one photo where the ” form” (how the objects/signifiers we see on the photo are organized) adds meaning to the image. How does form impact a viewing/”reading” experience? Ink-Pair-share.

 Mini Lesson & Guided Practice (10 minutes)

What’s form in poetry?

Read the glossary in PoetryArchive.org website and in your own words, define the term.

For example, Form, in poetry, can be understood as the physical structure of the poem: the length of the lines, their rhythms, their system of rhymes and repetition. In this sense, it is normally reserved for the type of poem where these features have been shaped into a pattern, especially a familiar pattern.

Or Poetic form refers to a poem’s physical structure; basically, what the poem looks like and how it sounds. Elements like the poem’s type, stanza structure, line lengths, rhyme scheme, and rhythm express its form. Together, content and form make meaning, which is the message the poet gives to the reader.

Petrarchan/Italian Sonnet( poets.org)

  • The Petrarchan sonnet is divided into two stanzas, the octave (the first eight lines) followed by the answering sestet (the final six lines).
  • The tightly woven rhyme scheme, abba, abba, cdecde or cdcdcd, is suited for the rhyme-rich Italian language,
  • Since the Petrarchan presents an argument, observation, question, or some other answerable charge in the octave, a turn, or volta, occurs between the eighth and ninth lines.
  • This turn marks a shift in the direction of the foregoing argument or narrative, turning the sestet into the vehicle for the counterargument, clarification, or whatever answer the octave demands.

Shakespearean Sonnet ( poets.org)

  • three quatrains and a couplet follow this rhyme scheme: abab, cdcd, efef, gg.
  • Qutrains pose questions
  • The couplet plays a pivotal role, usually arriving in the form of a conclusion, amplification, or even refutation of the previous three stanzas, often creating an epiphanic quality to the end

Guided Practice

Read John Donne’s “ Holy Sonnet #9″ ( page 19) and pay attention to its rhyming scheme and structure

  1. Ask a student to read out loud the poem -under  words you don’t know
  2. Read the poem again. Circle details that stand out because they are interesting or strange.
  3. Now look up the words you don’t know from the laptop and jot down the definitions.
  4. Pose a question on a post it before discussing the poem using the questions below. Park your questions on your desk.

Check for understanding: What type of sonnet is “Holy Sonnet #9”? Is it made up by three quatrains and a couplet as in an English sonnet or a Octave and Sestet as in an Italian sonnet?

Student Independent Practice ( 50 Minutes)

Discuss the poem by using the following questions. Be sure to use the handout( Sonnet Lesson Tool) to assist you . You will only share your responses to Questions 7, 8 & 9 on a poster paper before we do a Gallery Walk to share your analysis of the sonnet.

(20 minutes)  Discuss questions 1-6 & 10 and 11 ( part 1)

(20 minutes) Discuss  questions 7, 8 & 9 ( part 2)- needs to be displayed on a poster paper

(10 minutes) Share and comment on each other’s analysis of form by doing a Gallery Walk

  • Who is the speaker in the poem? What kind of person is he or she?
  • To whom is he or she speaking? In other word, describe the speaker’s  audience.
  • What is the situation and setting in time and pace?
  • What’s the purpose of the poem?
  • State the poem’s theme in one sentence.
  • Explain the meaning of allusion.
  • Describe the structure of the poem. What type of sonnet is the poem? What’s its meter and form? ( use the handout provided) How does the sound ( rhyme, alliteration) contribute to the meaning of the poem?
  • Ho does the structure of the poem contribute to the overall meaning or theme of the poem?( use the handout provided)
  • What’s the tone of the poem? How is it achieved? Examine the use of DIDLS ( on the wall display).
  • Recognize and discuss examples pf paradox, overstatement, and understatement.
  • Explain any symbols. Is the poem allegorical?Exist Slip: Individually, write in google doc( email me) or a piece of paper( leave it on my desk)-How does the fixed poetic form contribute to the overall meaning of the Holy Sonnet#9 ? Is it effective? Why?

Homework:

  • Do a free focused writing on how the form of the poem contributes to the meaning of the poem.
  • Answer the MCQs
  • Continue reading Metamorphosis by Kafka.

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Lesson 13

Objectives: Students will be able to analyze a poem by responding to a set of MCQs through reading on demand and four corners activities.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.4
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.11-12.9
Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis.

Do now: What questions do you still have concerning the sonnet analysis? Group share.

Mini Lesson and Guided Practice

The HyperTexts

Which poets wrote the best sestinas? The sestina (aka as “sestine,” “sextine,” and “sextain”) is a verse form most commonly consisting of six stanzas of six lines each, followed by a three-line envoi. The words that end each line of the first stanza are used as line endings in each of the following stanzas, rotated in a set pattern.

The oldest-known sestina is “Lo ferm voler qu’el cor m’intra,” written around 1200 by Arnaut Daniel, a troubadour of Aquitanian origin; he refered to it as “cledisat,” meaning “interlock.” Daniel is generally considered to be the form’s inventor, although it has been suggested that he may have innovated within a preexisting form.

The sestina crossed over into Italian with Dante and Petrarch in the 13th century; by the 15th century, it was being used in Portuguese by Luís de Camões. The sestina was re-imported into France from Italy in the 16th century. Pontus de Tyard was the first poet to attempt the form in French, and the only one known to have done so prior to the 19th century.

The first appearance of the sestina in English print is “Ye wastefull woodes,” comprising lines 151–89 of the August Æglogue in Edmund Spenser‘s Shepherd’s Calendar, published in 1579. Although they appeared in print later, Philip Sidney’s three sestinas may have been written earlier, and are often credited as being the first in English. Another early English sestina, found toward the end of Book I of The Countess of Pembroke’s Arcadia, circa 1590, is the double sestina “Ye Goatherd Gods.” Another early sestina, “Since wailing is a bud of causeful sorrow,” is in the most common form. Like “Ye Goatherd Gods” it is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter and uses exclusively feminine endings, reflecting the Italian endecasillabo. “Farewell, O sun, Arcadia’s clearest light,” is the first rhyming sestina in English. William Drummond published two sestinas (which he called “sextains”) in 1616, employing the form of Sidney’s rhyming sestina. After this, there is an absence of notable sestinas for over 250 years. In the 1870s there was a revival of interest in French forms, led by Andrew Lang, Austin Dobson, Edmund Gosse, W. E. Henley, John Payne, and others. The earliest sestina of this period is Algernon Charles Swinburne’s “Sestina.” Swinburne also wrote a double sestina, “The Complaint of Lisa.” Starting in the 1930s, another revival of the form took place across the English-speaking world, led by well-known poets such as W. H. Auden, Elizabeth Bishop and Ezra Pound.

( cited from http://www.thehypertexts.com/Best%20Sestinas.htm)

Sestina
by Elizabeth Bishop

September rain falls on the house.
In the failing light, the old grandmother
sits in the kitchen with the child
beside the Little Marvel Stove,
reading the jokes from the almanac,
laughing and talking to hide her tears.

She thinks that her equinoctial tears
and the rain that beats on the roof of the house
were both foretold by the almanac,
but only known to a grandmother.
The iron kettle sings on the stove.
She cuts some bread and says to the child,

It’s time for tea now; but the child
is watching the teakettle’s small hard tears
dance like mad on the hot black stove,
the way the rain must dance on the house.
Tidying up, the old grandmother
hangs up the clever almanac

on its string. Birdlike, the almanac
hovers half open above the child,
hovers above the old grandmother
and her teacup full of dark brown tears.
She shivers and says she thinks the house
feels chilly, and puts more wood in the stove.

It was to be, says the Marvel Stove.
I know what I know, says the almanac.
With crayons the child draws a rigid house
and a winding pathway. Then the child
puts in a man with buttons like tears
and shows it proudly to the grandmother.

But secretly, while the grandmother
busies herself about the stove,
the little moons fall down like tears
from between the pages of the almanac
into the flower bed the child
has carefully placed in the front of the house.

Time to plant tears, says the almanac.
The grandmother sings to the marvelous stove
and the child draws another inscrutable house.

Steps:

  1. Read the poem out loud
  2. Identify the sound of each line in the first stanza
  3. Pay attention to the rhyme in the succeeding stanzas
  4. How does the sound play a role in constructing meaning?

Independent Pratice:

What’s the theme of the poem?

Lesson 13 Comparison and Contrast Homer’s The Odyssey and Margaret Atwood’s “Siren Song” 

Objectives: Students will be able to analyze the promt and annotate the poems for their analysis by completing the charts in a small group.

Do now: Syntax exercise

Begin with a prepositional phrase used as an adverb-

After breakfast, Billy got out his best knife, the one with a needle point. -John Steinbeck The Red Pony

Mini Lesson: What effect does this point of view have on the reader? Why would the author feel this point of view was most effective for this passage?

Read the poems “ Odyssey” and “Siren”. Compare and contrast.

Independent Practice: Complete the charts on page 5 & 6  of the handout.

Reflect: Why do you believe authors select a specific point of view for their work?

Homework: Study how to come up with a thematic statement.

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Lesson 14

Objectives: Students will be able to understand why they cite particula textual evidence in their discussions by making the quotations “conversant” with each other.

Do Now: Syntax

Postpone the subject-

In a hole in the ground, lived a hobbit. -J.R.R. Tolkien The Hobbit

Quick Review of a few issues in the essays-

  • lack of careful selection of evidence
  • evidence is too long and too  much but inaccurate
  • structure of a paragraph- topic sentence, context, examples( suggesting a pattern or binary or anomaly), analysis (3-5 sentences at least) and so what.

Mini-lesson: 

Making the evidence speak for you by letting them become ” conversant” with each other-

  • Cite three evidence from a text( copy from the poem on a small poster paper)
  • Personify each example of textual evidence
  • explain what “you” mean and why you think ” you” are being placed in the poem or text by the author.
  • Compare yourself to two others: are you similar or different( pattern)? are you an anomaly? are you contradictory to one another?
  • By placing you three together, what would be revealed, such as the portrayal of the speaker ( siren/ Odysseus) or the author’s purpose? Compose three sentences to describe the deep meaning brought about by the pattern , anomaly or binary. (Assessment)
  • Staging the three pieces evidence together is effective or redundant?

Independent Practice:

Share completed worksheets in a small group and complete Activity 3 Item 1 to item 5.

Reflect: How important is the choice of evidence to the development of a thesis?

Homework work: Complete activity 3 items 1- 5 ( for those who can, complete item 6).

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Lesson 15

Objectives: Students will be able to make their analysis more precise by focusing on the textual evidence they use to support the claim.

Do Now: Syntax

Begin with a conjunction-

But now, for the first time, I see you are a man like me.- by Erich Remarque All Quiet on the Western Front

Mini Lesson:

How to be precise while analyzing a text?

  1. Select the best evidence you can identify based on the topic ( prompt)
  2. Provide context only in the context of your argument ( thesis)
  3. Quote the line before zooming in on the specific words or phrases
  4. Use PBFF and five analytical moves to bring out the deeper meaning of the text
  5. Your interpretation should only be based on the textual evidence you have included in the essay
  6. First explain what the evidence describes ( seems to say) before you get into the connotations.
  7. Once all evidence has been introduced, discuss the connections among them ( pattern-what’s being repeated, anomaly, binary).
  8. Work on So What to bring out the deeper connection to a larger issue.

Independent Practice: 

As a group, compose a complete and well-developed paragraph to respond to the prompt based on the poem you are given. Limit your evidence to no more than three lines.

Reflect: How does this activity help me tighten up my writing?

Homework: Follow both  thematic and thesis statement exercises, come up with your own thesis statement in response to the prompt based on The Sirens poem and Homer’s poem. Complete the worksheet on page 12.

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Lesson 12

Objectives: Students will be able to evaluate student sample essays and revise a low-score essay using the 9-point rubric provided.

Do now: Discuss in small groups the ” Poetry and Comparison/Contrast Writing Sheet” ( page 11)

Activities:

  1. In a small group, read and discuss the sample essay ( score 8). Analyze the structure, use of idea-driven analysis, as well as how the evidence is cited and used.
  2. As a group, revise the essay that is scored 4 and try to bring it up to at least a 6 or higher. Type up the revised essay but do use the original thesis statement ( make it better). Try also to use the evidence provided. In other words, I don’t want you to write a new essay. Work on making the low-scored essay better. Due Tuesday.

Homework: Type the essay in google doc and finish the revision as a group. Bring it in to share on Tuesday.

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Lesson 13

Objectives: Students will be able to analyze the poems from the perspectives of point of view, literary device and tone.

Do Now: Share  the chart on page 5 based on the poem assigned. Share.

Mini lesson:

  1. Review the comparison and contrast notes
  2. Discuss how to generate a strong and complete thesis statement? We’ll use activities on page 7.

Independent practice

Finish up the revision of 4 paper. Turn it in.

Reflect: What did you learn from this activity?

Homework: Read and annotate excerpts from White Noise by Don DeLillo and answer the multiple choice questions. Be prepared to argue why your made the choice.

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Lesson 14

Objectives: Students will be ale to verify their responses to the multiple choice questions based on The White Noise through debate and presentation.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.1
Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.

Do Now: Reflect on the presentations from yesterday, what can you do differently to make the presentation more effective?

Activity 1-Mini Lesson

  1. When presenting the evidence to support your answer, be sure to explain why. Assume your audience has not read the excerpt.
  2. When you explain why your evidence supports your answer ( you may have to find evidence from several paragraphs throughout the text), you are literally” writing ” the analytical part of your essay.
  3. When coming to the same conclusion but with different evidence, debate why.

Activity 2-Student continue presenting their group answer(s) and supporting evidence

Activity 3: In a small group, follow the steps below to complete the assigned tasks ( MCQs are based on chapter 40 of the novel White Noise)-

  1. Fill out the 2nd column with your own answer(s) based on Q1-12
  2. Get into a small group discussion( debate if you will) and determine the best answer for the group for each question
  3. Fill out the 3rd column for each question with your best group response
  4. Prepare for a small group presentation on the questions assigned( Group 5 :Q1-2; Group 4: Q3-4; Group 3: Q5-6; Group 4: Q7-9; Group 5: Q10-12
  5. Group presentations
  6. Reveal the answer keys
  7. Class receives the final grade.

Activity 4: Reflect

Homework:

  • Write a reflection on the activities- what did you learn( the strategies to answer the questions correctly)? Use the template on page 15 as a way to start.
  • Complete the MCQ section of a sample AP Exam. Apply the strategies you have learned form this activity. Try to monitor your time ( 60 minutes in real time setting).
  • Do research on Aristotle’s Poetics and bring in some ideas to share with the class: How did he define “good” drama? Tragic hero( character)? Plot? Song?  Thought? Language? Spectacle ?
  • Do research on Oedipus Rex legend and become familiar with it, which was what Greek audience would have done before they came to the amphitheater to see the play.

Handout-

Question Number Possible Answers by Individual Student( 1 or 2 best choices if not certain) Group Answer after Discussion Class Answer after Group Presentations Answer keys Final Grade Notes
Q#1
Q#2
Q#3
Q#4
Q#5
Q#6
Q#7
Q#8
Q#9
Q#10
Q#11
Q#12
Q#13
Q#14
Q#15